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8.1 GCC doesn't find the source files

Q: I created a simple source file hello.c, but when I invoke the compiler, it says: "gcc.exe: hello.c: No such file or directory", and then exits with the message "No input files." But hello.c is there, so why won't the compiler find it??

A: One popular reason for this problem is that you use one of those Windows editors that think they know better how do you want them to name the files. For example, Notepad always attaches the .txt extension to the file name you provide, so when you type hello.c into the dialog box, Notepad actually creates hello.c.txt. In addition, the files listed by My Computer by default have their extensions not shown, which creates an illusion that hello.c really is there.

Use the DIR command in the DOS Box to see what files are in the directory where you run GCC. (If you have the GNU Fileutils installed, you can use ls as well.) This will always show the full names of the files, exactly like GCC sees them.

You are generally advised to stay away of such "helpful" editors. Notepad is not suited well for editing programs, anyway. If you must use it, a work-around is to type the file name in quotes: "hello.c"; then Notepad will leave it alone and not append the .txt extension.

Another reason for GCC to not be able to find the source file is because you use long file names on Windows/NT. Suppose you invoke GCC like this:

 gcc -c file_name.c

The name file_name.c exceeds the DOS 8+3 limits, so if you have such a file, you probably created it with some Windows editor. However, DJGPP programs cannot access long file names on Windows/NT, so gcc doesn't find such a file and complains.

Type dir /x from the command line to see the short 8+3 alias name of your file (in the example above, it should be file_n~1.c or some such), and use that short name when you invoke GCC. In general, if you want to avoid such problems on Windows/NT, you should restrict yourself to file names that are valid DOS 8+3 names.

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