Mail Archives: djgpp/2009/04/04/02:46:43

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From: "Rod Pemberton" <do_not_have AT nohavenot DOT cmm>
Newsgroups: comp.os.msdos.djgpp
Subject: Re: setmode
Date: Sat, 4 Apr 2009 03:34:38 -0400
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"Eli Zaretskii" <eliz AT gnu DOT org> wrote in message
news:uk561j05t DOT fsf AT gnu DOT org...
> > From: "Rod Pemberton" <do_not_have AT nohavenot DOT cmm>
> Redirecting stdout explicitly affects file
> descriptor 1 which was inherited from the parent shell, and `freopen'
> closes that descriptor.

That was why I tried reopening the console device, "CON", as the redirected
stdout in one of the examples.

> The new FILE object reuses the same file
> descriptor 1, but the redirection is lost when the original descriptor
> is closed, because the redirection is maintained by the OS, which is
> told that the file is closed.
> redirection is maintained by the OS

Time for me to try to find out more about this, I guess...  Of course, the
question becomes: Why would freopen() close or attempt to close stdin,
stdout, stderr?  I haven't looked at what the C spec. says here, but I'm
fairly sure Harbison & Steele 3rd ed. says file closing errors in freopen()
are ignored.  If correct, that would allow file close errors in freopen() by
design or intentionally for stdin, stdout, stderr.

> Why isn't using `setmode' good enough?  That's what all applications
> that need this do.

It is.  It works.  I use it enough.  But, I was really wanting ANSI C only
in this case.  And, when I thought about it, I saw no reason why freopen()
shouldn't work the same way...  Then, I skimmed the code and saw that
freopen() eventually called setmode().  That opened up the possibility that
freopen() could or might work the same way, or have a some method available
allowing it to work like setmode.   I haven't looked at it thoroughly, but I
do recall it clearing O_BINARY, although you indicated above that really
isn't the issue.

> Just be careful not to switch stdout to binary if
> it is not redirected,

Actually, I've found switching the console to binary to be quite useful.

> since switching the console device to binary has
> some unpleasant side effects in DJGPP: e.g., SIGINT is not produced by
> Ctrl-C.

Interesting...  Does this block Ctrl-C better than signal() to SIG_IGN on
SIGINT, SIGQUIT, SIGABRT inconjunction with setcbrk()?  This came up a while
ago in comp.os.msdos.programmer.  Unfortunately, it seems he never posted to
comp.os.msdos.djgpp.  My solution apparently didn't work for him.  Later, I
found out that it worked well for some of my applications, but it doesn't
work well for every application...  Some still leak large numbers of

>     if (!isatty (fileno (stdout)))
>       setmode (fileno (stdout), O_BINARY);

Hmm...  Time to look at isatty().

Rod Pemberton

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